A little boy comes home with his mother from a trip down town. Above his head he has a big bunch of balloons.
- Why do you need so many? - Asks his father. - Did not your mother and I teach you that you should save your money?
- I did not spend any! Its just that every time Mummy bought something the salesperson gave me a free balloon.
—v. (-bb-) 1 move something, esp. One's hand, with firm pressure over the surface of.
- (usu. Foll. By against, in, on, over) apply (one's hand etc.) In this way.
- clean, polish, chafe, or make dry, sore, or bare by rubbing.
- (foll. By in, into, through, over) apply (polish etc.) By rubbing.
- (often foll. By together, against, on) move with contact or friction or slide (objects) against each other.
- (of cloth, skin, etc.) Become frayed, worn, sore, or bare with friction. —n. - act or spell of rubbing (give it a rub).
- impediment or difficulty (there's the rub). rub along colloq. Cope or manage routinely. Rub down dry, smooth, or clean by rubbing. Rub it in (or rub a person's nose in it) emphasize or repeat an embarrassing fact etc. Rub off 1 (usu. Foll. By on) be transferred by contact, be transmitted (his attitudes have rubbed off on me).
- remove by rubbing. Rub out erase with a rubber. Rub shoulders with associate with. Rub up 1 polish.
- brush up (a subject or one's memory). Rub up the wrong way irritate. [low german]
abbr. Royal ulster constabulary.
v. (rues, rued, rueing or ruing) repent of; wish to be undone or non-existent (esp. Rue the day). [old english]
- n. Evergreen shrub with bitter strong-scented leaves. [greek rhute]
n. - thick floor covering, usu. Smaller than a carpet.
- thick woollen coverlet or wrap. pull the rug from under deprive of support; weaken, unsettle. [probably scandinavian]
baba n. Sponge cake soaked in rum syrup.
- n. Spirit distilled from sugar-cane or molasses. [origin unknown]
—v. (-nn-; past ran; past part. Run) 1 go with quick steps, never having both or all feet on the ground at once.
- flee, abscond.
- go or travel hurriedly or briefly (i'll just run down to the shops).
- a advance by or as by rolling or on wheels, or smoothly or easily. B (cause to) be in action or operation or go in a specified way (left the engine running; ran the car into a tree).
- be current or operative (lease runs for 99 years).
- travel on its route (train is running late).
- (of a play etc.) Be staged or presented (now running at the apollo).
- extend; have a course, order, or tendency (road runs by the coast; prices are running high).
- a (often absol.) Compete in (a race). B finish a race in a specified position. 10 (often foll. By for) seek election (ran for president). 11 flow (with) or be wet; drip (with) (walls running with condensation). 12 a cause (water etc.) To flow. B fill (a bath) thus. 13 spread rapidly (ink ran over the table). 14 traverse (a course, race, or distance). 15 perform (an errand). 16 publish (an article etc.) In a newspaper etc. 17 direct or manage (a business etc.). 18 own and use (a vehicle) regularly. 19 transport in a private vehicle (ran me to the station). 20 enter (a horse etc.) For a race. 21 smuggle (guns etc.). 22 chase or hunt. 23 allow (an account) to accumulate before paying. 24 (of a dyed colour) spread from the dyed parts. 25 a (of a thought, the eye, the memory, etc.) Pass quickly (ideas ran through my mind). B pass (one's eye) quickly (ran my eye down the page). 26 (of tights etc.) Ladder. 27 (of esp. The eyes or nose) exude liquid. —n. - running.
- short excursion.
- distance travelled.
- general tendency.
- regular route.
- continuous stretch, spell, or course (run of bad luck).
- (often foll. By on) high general demand (run on the dollar).
- quantity produced at one time (print run).
- average type or class (general run of customers). 10 point scored in cricket or baseball. 11 (foll. By of) free use of or access to (run of the house). 12 a animal's regular track. B enclosure for fowls etc. C range of pasture. 13 ladder in tights etc. 14 mus. Rapid scale passage. 15 (in full the runs) colloq. Diarrhoea. on the run fleeing. Run about 1 bustle, hurry.
- (esp. Of children) play freely. Run across happen to meet or find. Run after 1 pursue at a run.
- pursue, esp. Sexually. Run along colloq. Depart. Run around 1 take from place to place by car etc.
- (often foll. By with) slang engage in esp. Promiscuous sexual relations. Run away 1 (often foll. By from) flee, abscond.
- mentally evade (a problem etc.). Run away with 1 carry off.
- win easily.
- deprive of self-control, carry away.
- consume (money etc.).
- (of a horse) bolt with (a rider etc.).
- leave home to have a relationship with (esp. Another person's husband or wife). Run down 1 knock down.
- reduce the numbers etc. Of.
- (of an unwound clock etc.) Stop.
- discover after a search.
- colloq. Disparage. Run dry 1 cease to flow.
- = run out 1. Run for it seek safety by fleeing. Run (or good run) for one's money 1 vigorous or close competition.
- some return for outlay or effort. Run the gauntlet see *gauntlet2. Run high (of feelings) be strong. Run in 1 run (an engine or vehicle) carefully when new.
- colloq. Arrest. Run in the family (of a trait) be common in a family. Run into 1 collide with.
- reach as many as (a usu. High figure). Run into the ground colloq.
—n. - deep track made by the passage of wheels.
- established (esp. Tedious) practice or routine (in a rut). —v. (-tt-) mark with ruts. [probably french: related to *route]
- —n. Periodic sexual excitement of a male deer etc. —v. (-tt-) be affected with rut. [latin rugio roar]
n. - a cereal plant. B grain of this used for bread and fodder.
- (in full rye whisky) whisky distilled from fermented rye. [old english]
meeting n. Sequence of horse-races at one place.
- relations n.pl. Relations between members of different races in the same country.
- riot n. Outbreak of violence due to racial antagonism.
- —n. - contest of speed between runners, horses, vehicles, ships, etc.
- (in pl.) Series of these for horses, dogs, etc., at a fixed time on a regular course.
- contest between persons to be first to achieve something.
- a strong current in the sea or a river. B channel (mill-race). —v. (-cing) 1 take part in a race.
- have a race with.
- try to surpass in speed.
- (foll. By with) compete in speed with.
- cause to race.
- a go at full or excessive speed. B cause to do this.
- (usu. As racing adj.) Follow or take part in horse-racing (a racing man). [old norse]
- n. - each of the major divisions of humankind, each having distinct physical characteristics.
- fact or concept of division into races.
- genus, species, breed, or variety of animals or plants.
- group of persons, animals, or plants connected by common descent.
- any great division of living creatures (the human race). [italian razza]
—n. - framework, usu. With rails, bars, etc., for holding things.
- cogged or toothed bar or rail engaging with a wheel or pinion etc.
- hist. Instrument of torture stretching the victim's joints. —v. - (of disease or pain) inflict suffering on.
- hist. Torture (a person) on the rack.
- place in or on a rack.
- shake violently.
- injure by straining. on the rack suffering acute mental or physical pain. Rack one's brains make a great mental effort. [low german or dutch]
- n. Destruction (esp. Rack and ruin). [from *wrack]
- v. (often foll. By off) draw off (wine, beer, etc.) From the lees. [provençal arracar from raca stems and husks of grapes, dregs]